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Which sewage can be treated with a belt filter press

2021-07-30

The moisture content of the remaining sludge discharged from the sewage treatment plant is generally around 95% -99%. It is necessary to use a thickening tank or a thickener to reduce the moisture content to below 97% before it can be dewatered with a belt filter press. Since the nitrogen and phosphorus in the sludge are easily re-dissolved into the sewage when the thickening tank is used for thickening, it is more inclined to use mechanical equipment such as a belt thickening filter press.

The water in the sludge can be divided into external water and internal water according to its existence form. The external water includes pore water, attached water, capillary water, and adsorbed water.

The pore water that accounts for 70% to 80% of the sludge moisture can be separated by a belt thickener.

The strong binding force between attached water (water film on the surface of sludge particles) and capillary water (10% to 22%) and sludge particles requires the use of external forces such as belt filter press for squeezing and separation. Adsorbed water (5%-8%, including internal water) usually can only be removed by drying or incineration.

The belt-type thickening and dewatering integrated filter press equipment is composed of a belt-type thickener and a belt-type filter press in series to treat sludge with a moisture content of >99%.

belt filter press

Working principle of belt thickener
The sludge and the chemical flocculation agent are fully mixed through the mixer, and after further reaction in the maturation box that comes with the thickener, they are distributed on the gravity dehydration table of the thickener, and the sludge water seeps down through the mesh belt by virtue of gravity. . The sludge solids are trapped on the mesh belt and discharged separately. The belt thickener is mainly composed of a ripening box, a gravity dewatering table, an adjustable mud rake, a mud dam, a mud discharge port, and a drainage pipe. The volume of the sludge after concentration is 1/10 to 1/4 of the original.

Belt filter press is generally composed of four zones: gravity dehydration zone, pre-press filter zone, low pressure filter zone, and filter press zone. The concentrated flocculated sludge is evenly distributed on the gravity dewatering table, and the sludge water is effectively released by gravity, so that the sludge loses fluidity and enters the pre-dewatering zone. In the pre-dewatering zone, the two mesh belts gradually come together and begin to exert pressure on the sludge and slowly increase, thereby building a good sludge pressing structure. In the low pressure area, the mud cake is sandwiched between the mesh belt by a large diameter roller and wound on the roller shaft with a larger contact angle, so that the pressure is gently increased. In the filter press area, a plurality of rollers are arranged in an S shape, so that the two mesh belts sandwich the mud cake in an S shape and are continuously rolled. At the mud discharge port, the mesh belt is opened, and the mud cake is discharged from the mud discharge port, and the solid content of the mud cake is >20%.

The purpose of adding a thickener to the belt filter press is to extend the residence time of the sludge on the gravity dewatering table, thereby increasing the overall hydraulic load processing capacity of the dewatering machine. The longer the dewatering table, the longer the residence time of the sludge, and the free The more water, the greater the hydraulic load handling capacity. Generally, the effective length of the gravity dewatering table of the thickener in the integrated thickening and dewatering machine is 1 to 3 m, and the length of the gravity section of the filter press is 3 to 4 m, that is, the total length of the gravity dewatering table is 4 to 7 m.

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